February 9, 2023 In late December of 2022, Congress passed a giant omnibus budget bill which included the Secure Act 2.0. The Act includes many retirement plan changes that impact both individuals and employers over the next several years with the goal of improving and incentivizing retirement savings. Summarized below are the major provisions impacting individuals. AGE INCREASED FOR RQUIRED MINIMUM DISTRIBUTIONS (RMDs). The age when distributions are required to be taken from IRAs and most employer-based retirement plans increases from 72 to 73 in 2023 and 75 in 2033. The chart below summarizes the distribution ages based on year of birth: Birth Year Age RMDs Must Begin 1950 or earlier 72 (70 ½ prior to 2020) 1951-1959 73 1960 and later 75 NEW SIMPLE AND SEP ROTH IRAs Starting 2023, taxpayers can now fund Simple Roth IRAs and SEP Roth IRAs. REDUCTION OF PENALTY TAX ON FAILURE TO TAKE RMD Starting in 2023, the penalty for failing to take a RMD is reduced from 50% to 25%. If the mistake is corrected in a timely manner the penalty is reduced to 10%. You can still request waiver of penalty by completing form 5329. NO RMDs FROM ROTH 401k ACCOUNTS Beginning in 2024, RMDs from Roth 401k accounts are eliminated making the rules the same as individual Roth IRAs. TAX FREE ROLLOVERS FROM 529 ACCOUNTS TO ROTH IRAs Starting in 2024, a direct rollover from a 529 plan to a Roth IRA for the 529 plan beneficiary is allowed. To qualify the 529 plan must have been in place for at least 15 years. Contributions to the 529 plan in last 5 years are not eligible to be moved. The annual limit on the amount transferred is equal to the Roth IRA contribution limit for the year. The maximum lifetime limit per beneficiary is $35,000. HIGHER CATCH-UP CONTRIBUTIONS Beginning in 2024, the IRA catch-up contribution amount will be indexed annually for inflation. Also, starting in 2025, people ages 60-63 can contribute a catch-up contributions starting at a minimum of $10,000 for most plans. QUALIFED CHARITABLE DISTRIBUTIONS FROM IRA The earliest age you can begin making QCD remains at 70 ½. Starting in 2024, the $100,000 maximum annual QCD amount will be indexed for inflation. Additionally, starting in 2023 a one-time QCD distribution of up to $50,000 can be used to fund a charitable remainder annuity trust, charitable remainder unitrust or charitable gift annuity. There are restrictions on the using a remainder trusts. EXPANSIONS EXCEPTIONS TO 10% PENALTY ON WITHDRAWLS UNDER AGE \ 59 ½ Staring in 2024, no penalty on a distribution of $1,000 per year to meet emergency expenses. There are limitations to taking more than one distribution in a 3-year period. Starting in 2026, a distribution up to $2,500 per year allowed for long term care premium payments. Also added exceptions for distributions to domestic abuse and terminally ill individuals as well as expansion of withdrawals for natural disasters, public service workers, private sector firefighters and state and local correctional officers. There are multiple limitations and restrictions on each of the above. To hear more about the above changes and additional changes for individuals please sign up for our webinar or reach out to your client executive at KatzAbosch.